Impact of Fortification/Enrichment on Total Nutrient Intakes from Foods within Specific Groups by Socioeconomic Status

As part of its review every five years, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) estimates the nutrient intake of the American population and identifies those nutrients of national concern. The Scientific Report of the 2015 DGAC identified “shortfall nutrients” and “overconsumed nutrients” and assessed which of those nutrients posed “substantial” public health concern. The aims of this study are to define: 1) What is the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI), (EAR, RDA, AI, UL) achievement among the 15 selected (fortifiable) nutrients by socioeconomic demographic as defined by the poverty index ratio for children and adults? 2) How does fortification/enrichment/supplementation contribute to DRI achievement? and 3) Which populations do and do not benefit from fortification and enrichment?

Institution: Medical University of South Carolina
Principal Investigator: Jill Newman, MS; Angela Malek, PhD
Year Awarded: 2017

Read more: Nutrients in the US Diet: Naturally Occurring or Enriched/Fortified Food and Beverage Sources, Plus Dietary Supplements: NHANES 2009–2012

Read more: Race/Ethnicity, Enrichment/Fortification, and Dietary Supplementation in the U.S. Population, NHANES 2009–2012

Learn more about the IAFNS Fortification Committee.